Background

This study aimed to determine whether a structured exercise program focused on balance and core strengthening could reduce the incidence of falls, improve activities of daily living (ADLs), and enhance the overall quality of life in geriatric patients after bariatric surgeries.

Methods

148 geriatric patients who had undergone bariatric surgeries at our centre were enrolled in the study. Participants were divided into two groups: an intervention group that participated in a 12-week balance and core strengthening exercise program and a control group that did not receive the intervention. Baseline data on falls, ADLs, and quality of life were collected. These measures were re-assessed at the end of the 12-week intervention period.

Results

The intervention group demonstrated a significant reduction in falls, with a 30% decrease compared to the control group. Improved ADL performance was observed in the intervention group, as evidenced by a 20% increase in independence in daily activities. Additionally, participants in the intervention group reported a higher quality of life score, indicating a significant improvement in their overall well-being and satisfaction with life.

Conclusions

This study highlights the positive impact of balance and core strengthening exercises on reducing falls, enhancing ADLs, and improving the quality of life in geriatric patients after bariatric surgeries. A structured exercise program tailored to the needs of this specific population can be a valuable adjunct to post-bariatric surgery care. Further research, including randomised controlled trials, is needed to confirm and expand upon these promising results.